tamaVet® rapid tests for horses

Rotavirus

 ProductProduct codeSample materialDetectionSensitivitySpecifity
tamaVet® Rotavirus Test1172050N-05FaecesAg97,197,8

The tamaVet® Rotavirus Test is intended for the rapid detection of specific rotavirus antigens in faecal samples taken from cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses. 
Rotavirus belongs to the Reoviridae family and has numerous different serotypes. The infection is generally transmitted via the faecal-oral route.  
In addition to asymptomatic infections, rotaviruses are the main pathogens that cause severe gastrointestinal diseases, especially in young animals of various species. The virus infects the enterocytes in the microvilli and, after a short incubation period (12 hours to approximately 3 days), leads to drastic electrolyte shifts in the intestinal epithelium and to the death of cells with resulting malabsorption, caused in part by the enterotoxin NSP4. The consequences can include severe diarrhoea accompanied by extreme dehydration. Rotaviruses are amongst the most common pathogens that cause neonatal calf diarrhoea (NCD). The detection of antigens is usually possible with the onset on clinical symptoms, as excretion of the virus reaches a peak shortly after the start of the illness and then decreases.  
The test is suitable for the early detection of suspected rotavirus or in the case of clinical symptoms in cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses.

 

Multi 2TC Rotavirus, Clostridium perfringens

 ProductProduct codeSample materialDetectionSensitivitySpecifity
tamaVet® Multi 2TC Test1172060N-05FaecesAgRotavirus: 97,1; Clostr.perfr.: 93,3Rotavirus: 97,8; Clostr.perfr.: 99,0

The tamaVet® Multi 2TC (Rotavirus, Clostridium perfringens) Test is intended for the rapid detection of specific rotavirus and Clostridium perfringens antigens in faecal samples taken from cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses. 
Rotavirus belongs to the Reoviridae family and has numerous different serotypes. The infection is generally transmitted via the faecal-oral route. The bacteria Clostridium perfringens belongs to the Clostridiales order and is often found in the digestive tract of healthy animals or is ingested orally. 
Disease caused by Clostridium perfringens is associated with increased proliferation in the intestine, with the formation of various toxins. The absorption of these toxins into the blood can lead to enterotoxaemia. The animals exhibit severe and sometimes bloody diarrhoea and are even at risk of potential death resulting from shock. As symptoms resemble those of rotaviruses and mixed infections, this test combination is recommended. The detection of rotavirus antigens is usually possible with the onset on clinical symptoms, as excretion of the virus reaches a peak shortly after the start of the illness and then decreases. The detection of Clostridium perfringens antigens can be used for further clarification.
The test is suitable for the early detection of suspected infection with rotaviruses or in the case of clinical symptoms, as well as for the detection of Clostridium perfringens antigens in cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses.

 

Multi 3TA Rotavirus, Clostridium perfringens, Cryptosporidium parvum

 ProductProduct codeSample materialDetectionSensitivitySpecifity
tamaVet® Multi 3TA Test1172061N-05FaecesAgRotavirus: 97,1Rotavirus: 97,8
    Clostr.perfr.: 93,3Clostr.perfr.: 99,0
    Crypt.parvum: 95,0Crypt.parvum: 97,5

The tamaVet® Multi 3TA (Rotavirus, Clostridium perfringens, Cryptosporidium parvum) Test is intended for the rapid detection of specific rotavirus, Clostridium perfringens and Cryptosporidium parvum antigens in faecal samples taken from cattle, sheep, goats,pigs and horses.  
Rotavirus belongs to the Reoviridae family and has numerous different serotypes. The infection is generally transmitted via the faecal-oral route. The bacteria Clostridium perfringens belongs to the Clostridiales order and is often found in the digestive tract of healthy animals or is ingested orally. The protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa and forms infectious oocysts. The infection is normally transmitted orally. 
Diarrhoeal diseases, especially in young animals, are often caused by mixed infections with one or more of these pathogens. The largely similar symptoms they cause, such as apathy, anorexia, diarrhoea, dehydration and fever can lead to large losses in the herd as early as a few hours/days after birth.
The test is suitable for the early detection of suspected infection with rotaviruses, Clostridium perfringens and Cryptosporidium parvum, or in the case of clinical symptoms, in cattle, sheep, goats,pigs and horses. As the excretion of pathogens differs and can be intermittent, the test should be repeated if necessary.

 

Tetanus

 ProductProduct codeSample materialDetectionSensitivitySpecifity
tamaVet® Tetanus Test1172063N-05Whole blood, serumAb/Vaccination status95,892,3

The tamaVet® Tetanus Test is intended for the rapid detection of anti-Clostridium tetani antibodies in the whole blood or serum of horses, optimising vaccination management and aiding the diagnosis of infection.
The bacterium Clostridium tetani belongs to the Clostridiales order. It is abundant in soil, with infection primarily occurring through wounds.  
Muscle spasms (Tetanus or ʻlockjawʼ) triggered by Clostridium tetani develop through the proliferation of pathogens in the area of the wound and the formation of toxins. A major factor in the virulence of the infection is the tetanus neurotoxin, TeNT, which mainly takes a neurogenic route to the central nervous system. The resulting uncontrolled release of acetylcholine prompts clinical symptoms in horses, such as the prolapse of the nictitating membrane, trismus in the masticatory muscles, a ʻsaw horseʼ posture, motor disorders accompanied by muscle spasms and even convulsions. 
The test is suitable for the monitoring of antibody titers and the optimisation of vaccination times in the context of vaccination management in foals and horses, and for the detection of infection with Clostridium tetani.
 

Equine IgG

 ProductProduct codeSample materialDetectionSensitivitySpecifity
tamaVet® Equine IgG Test1172064N-05Whole blood, serumIgG95,092,6

The tamaVet® Equine IgG Test is intended for the semi-quantitative detection of equine immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the whole blood or serum of foals. 
It is not possible for horses to transfer immunoglobulin to their foals through the placenta, meaning newborns are primarily dependent on the absorption of maternal antibodies in the first few hours and weeks following birth. The failed absorption of colostrum (failure of passive transfer/FPT) or insufficient absorption of IgG poses a serious health risk from resulting hypogammaglobulinaemia. Ensuing immunosuppression can lead to a number of severe secondary infections and even sepsis. Clinical symptoms can include diarrhoea, arthritides, pneumonia, apathy and dehydration. Hypogammaglobulinaemia is one of the most common forms of immunodeficiency in foals and affects approximately 3-30% of the population. For a prompt diagnosis, it is recommended to determine IgG levels in foals approximately 18 to 24 hours post natum
The test is suitable for the early detection of hypogammaglobulinaemia in the routine monitoring of newborn foals. If necessary, it is recommended to repeat the test as a means of monitoring treatment.